Paraplegia is an impairment in motor or sensory function of the lower extremities.
It is usually caused by spinal cord injury or a congenital condition such as spina bifida that affects the neural elements of the spinal canal.
The area of the spinal canal that is affected in paraplegia is either the thoracic, lumbar, or sacral regions.
If all four limbs are affected by paralysis, tetraplegia is the proper terminology. If only one limb is affected, the correct term is monoplegia.
Decrease or loss of feeling or function in the lower extremities, paraplegia can contribute to a number of medical complications including pressure sores (decubitus), thrombosis, and pneumonia.
As paraplegia is most often the result of a traumatic injury to the spinal cord tissue and the resulting inflammation, other nerve-related complications can and do occur. Cases of chronic nerve pain in the areas surrounding the point of injury are not uncommon.
Individuals with paraplegia can range in their level of disability, requiring treatments to vary from case to case.
From a rehabilitation standpoint, the most important factor is to gain as much functionality and independence back as possible.
Special oral herbal medicines for neuron rejuvenation along with the application of rejuvenating medicated oil were used for the treatment.